Vegan Replacements in Cooking and Baking
Egg Replacers (eggs serve as leavening agents and
EnerG brand egg replacer
Only use as substitute in baked goods; cannot make omelets out of this product. Works as leavening agent, not as binder.
Applesauce and mashed banana
Can both be used as binders but not as leavening agents; use 1 mashed banana or ¼ cup applesauce.
The following can be used to replace 1 egg
2 Tbsp. potato starch
1/4 cup mashed potatoes
1/4 cup canned pumpkin or squash
1/4 cup puréed prunes
2 Tbsp. water + 1 Tbsp. oil + 2 tsp. baking powder
1 Tbsp. plain agar powder dissolved in 1 Tbsp. water, whipped, chilled, and whipped again
Egg Replacement Tips
• If a recipe calls for three or more eggs, it is important to choose a replacement that will perform the same function (i.e., binding or leavening).
• Trying to replicate airy baked goods that call for a lot of eggs, such as angel food cake, can be very difficult. Instead, look for a recipe with a similar taste but fewer eggs, which will be easier to replicate.
• When adding tofu to a recipe as an egg replacement, be sure to purée it first to avoid chunks in the finished product. Be sure to use plain tofu, not seasoned or baked.
• If you want a lighter texture and you’re using fruit purées as an egg substitute, add an extra 1/2 tsp. baking powder. Fruit purées tend to make the final product denser than the original recipe.
• If you’re looking for an egg replacement that binds, try adding 2 to 3 Tbsp. of any of the following for each egg: tomato paste, potato starch, arrowroot powder, whole wheat flour, mashed potatoes, mashed sweet potatoes, instant potato flakes, or 1/4 cup tofu puréed with 1 Tbsp. flour.
• Make omelet and scrambled egg substitutes with tofu (tofu scramble).
Milk Substitutes (buy fortified/enriched/unsweetened)
Combine 2 Tbsp cider vinegar with 1 cup plain soy milk to get a substitute that will work in recipes calling for buttermilk
Hemp Bliss, Living Naturals
Dairy Free Solid Shortenings
Trans fat-free, gluten-free, casein-free, vegan tub margarine
Trans fat-free, gluten-free, casein-free, vegan margarine sticks (soy-free version available)
Spectrum shortening (made from palm oil)
Gluten Free Dairy Free Chocolate
There are several brands of dairy-free and sugar-free chocolate chips; however, some are grain-sweetened with malted barley and these are not gluten-free. Look for chips that contain only sugar, chocolate liquor, nondairy cocoa butter, and soy lecithin. Goodbaker.com has vegan chocolate chips. If you are highly sensitive to trace amounts of gluten and dairy you will want to check with the chocolate chip company to make sure the vanilla is gluten free.
Enjoy Life semi-sweet chocolate chips
Tropical Source semi-sweet chocolate chips
Rapunzel brand semi-sweet chocolate chips
Natural unsweetened cocoa powder
Check out the Links page for a list of Vegan restaurants and bakeries.